Mullein is a soft (almost velvet-like) biennial that can grow very tall. Image by Tomas Indrak. They’re often attractive, with tall spikes of yellow flowering rosettes. If, in late summer, you find a sorry looking great mullein striped of all its leaves it is likely to be the work of the larva of the mullein moth (Shargacucullia verbasci). What: leaves, flowers. Mullein is a soft (almost velvet-like) biennial that can grow very tall. Nutritional Value: medicinal. Today I want to teach you about mullein, a common plant that grows pretty tall, about 6 or 7 feet. The tall pole-like stem ends at a dense spike of yellow flowers. The mullein flowers are harvested daily, as they open. The tiny hairs on the leaves can be irritating, and any teas should be filtered carefully to avoid this problem. Olympic Mullein Mullein Plants Verbascum thapsus Herb gardening for health with our large selection of medicinal herb plants. Each flower is about 2 cm (¾") across and consists of five pale petals, five hairy green sepals, five stamens, and a pistil. It is one of the easiest wild herbs to grow, as it grows in soil that isn’t well fertilized. E-mail: info@bcinvasives.ca Telephone: 250-305-1003 or 1-888-933-3722 Fax: 778-412-2248 Donate When looking for wild mullein, only harvest from straight, vigorous stalks. The plant is common to Mediterranean countries. Known as Verbascum thapsus, this variety is a biennial plant that grows in fields and ditches. Mullein prefers a sunny, warm, dry location, so preferably plant away from other plants which require daily watering. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). It can also be used to create a salve to help with wounds, frostbite and hemorrhoids. Only a few flowers are in bloom at any one given time. Mullein root has also been used to treat urinary tract issues. Scatter Mullein seeds when ripe in late summer and fall. As a wash, they are an easy treatment for minor wounds and scrapes. The second year plant normally produces a single unbranched stem. Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a biennial that grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 9. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. It prefers full sun and dry soil. A infusion of mullein flowers in oil is very antibacterial. Greek Mullein can be direct sown in late summer or fall, started indoors in spring. Abundance: uncommon. Great Mullein is an easily grown medicinal plant, it succeeds in most well-drained soils, including dry ones, and prefers a sunny position. Its small, yellow flowers are densely grouped on a tall stem, which grows from a large rosette of leaves. Mullein leaves are usually gathered the first year of growth, although the second year leaves are supposedly as effective in medicinal teas. Lightly cover the seeds once sown. Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a plant that can grow up to more than 2 meters and it is easy to find around since it grows pretty much everywhere. It is a biennial, spending its first year as a rosette of furry leaves, and producing its flowers in its second year, between June and August. Depending on the summer weather conditions, this wild edible may not produce a lot of flowers. When: summer, fall. The thick, soft leaves are made into a tea to treat respiratory illness by loosening congestion and helping clear the lungs. In Ireland, mullein was cultivated extensively, and it was even sold in the capital’s best chemist shops (and still is). Scientific Name (s): Verbascum thapsus. In the second year, a tall flower spike emerges; it is covered in thick, alternating leaves. This biennial plant is most easily identified by its soft, fuzzy rosette of leaves – big furry leaves which are jokingly called “nature’s toilet paper.” The common name, mullein, comes from the German language, meaning king’s candle because of its scepter-like, candle-straight growth. The three upper stamens are covered with white or yellow hairs, while the two lower stamens are hairless. Please click here for more information. This variety does well in zones 3-9. Demulcents are substances that calm irritation or inflammation in the skin or internal parts of the nose, mouth, or throat. The leaves are grey-green, fuzzy, and broad. In-depth wild edible PDFs. The plant grows from 6 to 10 feet tall unless you purchase one of the new cultivars that reach only 5 feet. Expectorants are agents for stimulating the production or secretion of phlegm. Where: dry, sunny areas. To prevent mullein from spreading in the landscape, you need to remove the fuzzy rosettes that appear on the plant. Mullein is an easy-to-grow plant, often seen growing in fields and ditches. Since it grows in several environmental conditions, the plants spread quickly in the United States. Mullein is an easily grown medicinal herb, preferring less than ideal soil conditions, it's often found by roadsides and in areas considered to have waste soil, such as gravel.Mullein grows to be a tall, erect plant producing flower spikes that yield beautiful yellow flowers. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Mullein is also a useful addition to your landscaping. The impressive wild herb mullein is cultivated for centuries, it is native to Europe and Asia. Mullein is a hairy biennial plant that can grow to 2 m or more tall. Mullein in its second year is a tall, erect stem that can grow very high. All varieties need sun and good drainage. It prefers full sun and dry soil. The spacing at which to plant Verbascum is dependent upon their size, plant small species with a spacing of 30 to 40 cm and large varieties 90 cm apart or … This covering is particularly thick on the leaves, giving them a silvery appearance. Growing Information Easy to grow from seed. It dislikes shade and wet soils. Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a prolific plant of European origin that grows abundantly in disturbed soils, roadsides, and meadows throughout most of the temperate United States. The plant is found in many parts of the world, including the United States, and has more than 200 species. This dicotyledonous plant produces a rosette of leaves in its first year of growth. Where it grows: Prefers dry, sandy or gravelly soils. Remove the flower stalk before the seeds disperse to prevent a widespread seeding. When it is grown as an herbal remedy, every part of the mullein plant is usable at different times during its life cycle. Try growing a beautiful specimen in an area where bees can enjoy the blossoms, and birds can eat the seeds. Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a biennial that grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 9. The plant has a long taproot, which makes it difficult to harvest and nearly impossible to transplant. Plant medicine is easy, fun and adds to your security when hard times come. When growing Mullein outdoors from seed, it is best to sow in late summer or just before the last frost of spring. A tincture (or an extract) of mullein alleviates this problem, although it is extremely bitter. A specific product that contains mullein, garlic, calendula, and St. John’s wort has been used in the ear for up to 3 days. They are open to pollination for 1 day from just before dawn to midafternoon (Thompson, personal communication, cited in []).Branching of the inflorescence can occur with herbivory or clipping damage [87,89], and duration of flowering is a function of flowering stalk length. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Mullein is a biennial plant, the first year growing as a rosette of downy leaves, and the second year sending up a tall spike with yellow flowers in Summer. The flower stalk grows up to 6 feet high, and the leaves grow up to 2 feet across. It was used as a chemical substance, poisonous to fish. This dicotyledonous plant produces a rosette of leaves in its first year of growth. The second year, the basal leaves precede a stout, erect flower stalk. Widespread in meadows, desert scrublands, woodlands and pine forests, where there are sunlit openings from 3,000 to 9,500 feet. Mullein can be found growing in open fields, waste places, disturbed areas, railway embankments and similar dry sunny localities. So many healing remedies abound in nature, and you can take advantage of them easily because mullein comes as a tea, herbal supplement, ear drop and more. In a tincture or syrup form, Mullein will supply your family with a natural assistant for these ailments. The ancient Europeans believed that this plant, if placed in a shoe, would protect from wild animals. The distinctive, grayish-green, oval leaves are covered in a downy hair that is very soft to the touch. The stalk and blossoms grow the second year. Mullein was first introduced to the United States in the 1700s. Subsequently, question is, where does mullein like to grow? Many growers believe the root should be harvested when the plant's energy is highest, that would be the first year in the fall. It is a hairy biennial plant that can grow to 2 m tall or more. Other Uses: dried stalks used for fire drills, leaves used as lamp wicks, Dangers: fine hairs on leaves can be an irritant. Mullein can reach heights of just over 2 metres. Common mullein flowers are densely arranged on a spike-like, terminal inflorescence [59,78,106].Flowers are short-lived. Click. Look out for a large, brightly coloured caterpillar covered in black and yellow dots. All parts of this plant are covered with star-shaped trichomes. The crooked stalks indicate a high level of chemical contamination in the soil. In the plant’s first year, only a basal rosette of leaves appears. The central stem of the mullein plant terminates in a dense spike of pale yellow flowers that generally measure anywhere from 5 to 60 cm (2" to 2') long. It has soft leaves, and yellow flowers at the top of the plant giving this wild edible a very unique appearance. Leaves and flowers. Water needs are low to moderate. Add beeswax to the infused oil, and you have a balm that is a welcome addition to any baby's changing table. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. The stem is hairy as are the leaves. Mullein is a woolly leafed biennial plant which is native to Asia, Europe and northern parts of Africa. As its other name implies, mullein leaves were once used as toilet paper. The resulting infusion is used for earaches that do not involve a ruptured eardrum. Mullein is an attractive flowering landscape plant with a rich history as an herbal remedy. In some cases, mullein is applied directly to the skin to help treat burns or inflammatory skin conditions. The root of the mullein herb can also be harvested, but opinions vary on when the best time for root harvest may be. The majority of mulleins grown in the UK are natives of Southern Europe and are mostly hardy in the UK. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Mullein is POSSIBLY SAFE when applied directly to the ear, short-term. Certain compounds in mullein's leaves and flowers are thought to act as demulcents or expectorants. Verbascum thapsus, the great mullein or common mullein, is a species of mullein native to Europe, northern Africa, and Asia, and introduced in the Americas and Australia. Sow a small pinch of seeds about 18 inches apart and 1/16 inch deep in ordinary, well-drained soil, toward the back of the border or bed. Its small yellow flowers are densely grouped on the tall stem, which bolts from a large rosette of leaves. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. It produces yellow flowers that grow at the tips of the 6-foot-tall stems. The Mullein plant is native to Europe, the Mediterranean, North Africa and Asia, but is extremely easy to grow anywhere in the world. However, this harvest time prevents the blossoms that normally appear the second year. The delicate skin of a baby's diaper area can benefit from a light layer of mullein balm. The plant grows from 6 to 10 feet tall unless you purchase one of the new cultivars that reach only 5 feet. Touted as an all-around safe herb, Mullein is one you will want to harvest, grow or purchase for your herbal medicine cabinet! nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! This biennial plant, Verbascum thapsus, was historically used as an herbal treatment for coughs, congestion, chest colds, bronchitis, and inflammation. A multi-purpose herb, mullein is credited historically with healing abilities from its flowers, leaves, and root. The second year plant normally produces a single unbranched stem. Greek Mullein will grow best with full sun and dryish, sandy to rocky, well-drained soil. I don't recommend smoking mullein. Blooming period usually occurs during the summer and lasts about six weeks. Mullein is a medicinal plant and considered as an expectorant and antiseptic, thus used in … Mullein grows in the wild, but if you harvest it there, please do so responsibly. Mullein is drought-resistant and grows easily from seed.  Description: This plant also has a very distinctive feel, a wooly, hairy feeling leaf. Mullein needs space. Common mullein is a large biennial plant that can grow 5 to 6 feet in height. If direct sowing in fall, cover seeds with a thin layer of soil (approx ⅜"), and if possible a layer of mulch. It is an undemanding plant, which also adorn itself with impressive, colorful flowers. First year mullein leaves form a basal rosette, with large, velvety-like, long-oval, gray-green, leaves that can grow up to 50 cm long. Mullein is known botanically as Verbascum thapus. This was on of my Grandmothers favorite for all lung problems, tea for the children and Grandmother smoked it. I encourage you to grow your own medicinal herbs and learn to use them! Mullein is an accurate indicator of a soil's contamination level. When harvesting, be sure to use a spade and dig when the soil contains some moisture. Although the leaves and flowers are edible, enjoying a cup of tea made from these parts is generally preferable. This plant has many different herbal uses. A location in full sun is preferable, but mullein will grow in light shade. Although short-lived, they are easily propagated. The tall pole-like stem ends at a dense spike of yellow flowers. Its leafs are fluffy and hairy (which can irritate the throat when drank). It is a common wild edible plant that spreads by prolifically producing seeds, but rarely becomes aggressively invasive, since its seed requires open ground to germinate. How: both leaves and flowers as tea and smoked. Identification, health, The yellow, candle-like flower spikes of Great mullein can reach up to 2m in height, making this an impressive plant of dry and grassy ground, including gardens, waste ground and roadside verges. Dark Mullein is also a food plant for the caterpillar of the aptly named “Mullein Moth (Cucullia verbasci)”, the noticeable black and yellow spotted caterpillars may also be found on other Plant species like buddleia and verbascums, before they eventually leave the host plant pupate and emerge as a moth. Clumps of … It can be found in all 50 states of America. The most popular type commercially used … Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Common Mullein. How to Use Mullein Since the time of the ancient Greeks, this plant has been used for protection and healing. These same flowers can be picked throughout the growing season, placed in olive oil and left to infuse. Mullein grows wild all over our farm – having them pop up in our side yard just makes it easier. Mullein is considered an invasive weed in many states, but many of the 300 varieties are suitable to grow as ornamentals in home landscapes. Amy Jeanroy is an herbalist and professional gardener with several years of experience. How to Grow Mullein Herb. Mullein has been cultivated in large scales for centuries. You’ve likely seen mullein plants growing in fields and along roadsides. Mullein flowers provide a soothing and cleansing effect on the skin. In New Zealand Mullein is a naturalised weed which favours poor, stony, disturbed ground and dry soil and is often to be found growing on roadsides. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Common mullein quickly spread across the United States and southern Canada because it grows in most environments that have an annual rainfall of 3 … Leaves and flowers can be used in a salad. 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